viking interaction with islamic world
The Vikings are said to have created a base there, though the location of the base is still a mystery. Al-Tartushi relates: “They hold a festival where they assemble to honor their god and eat and drink. Hedeby, an important Viking Age trading settlement. They are described by Ibn Fadlan as having bodies tall as palm trees, with red hair and ruddy skin. The woman in the grave, who died in the 9th century, was discovered by Swedish archaeologist Hjalmar Stolpe, who spent years excavating the Birka grave sites. There they raided a few settlements before encountering a large force of Asturians under the command of King Ramiro I (790-850). Hot “Almost in every subject taught in school, there exists a jump from the Greeks to the Renaissance, usually referred to as the ‘Dark Ages. There is a period, as Salim T. S. Al-Hassani notes, of 1,000 years missing from Western educational systems. This empire had contact with different cultures around the world, such as the Indians and Chinese in the east, and the Byzantines in the west, which led to the establishment of trade networks between Asia, Africa and Europe. These 6 Sudano-Sahelian Mosques in Africa Are Astonishing! The world of the Vikings is brought to life through the journey of Ragnar Lodbrok, the first Viking to emerge from Norse legend, and his family members. ( Log Out / Khalid El Jafoufi An engraved ring has suggested evidence of close contact between Viking Age Scandinavians and the Islamic world, more than a century after it was discovered. During the Islamic Golden Age, from the 8th century to the 13th century, the Abbasid Caliphate established one of the largest empires in history. November 4, 2020, 2:20 pm, by You Can Still Make the Most of Ramadan! Another major breakthrough came several years ago when researchers found a female tomb revealed at the historic trading center of Birka, Sweden. Mvslim Advertisement Assia Loutfi Larsson has also found the names “Allah” and “Ali” on at least 10 of the nearly 100 pieces of fabric she examined, and they always appear together. Ibn Fadlan’s experience is documented in Risala. The inscription is translated as “for/to Allah”. At the very least, the Vikings appreciated Islamic culture, and did their best to incorporate it into the fabric of their societies. The History channel’s original drama television series – Vikings – is one of my favorite programs. ( Log Out / Areeha Akhter From the 8th to 11th century, their expeditions are said to have extended from Western Europe to Central Asia, at which point they had contact with the “Muslim world.”. Ancient texts tell of encounters between Viking Age Scandavia and the Islamic world, but material evidence supporting the interaction of these two civilizations is rare. “We know from other Viking tomb excavations that DNA analysis has shown some of the people buried in them originated from places like Persia, where Islam was very dominant.” Larsson added, however, “it is more likely these findings show that Viking age burial customs were influenced by Islamic ideas such as eternal life in paradise after death.”. It is well-known among researchers that the Vikings, those Scandinavian warriors who roamed the seas between the 9th and 11th centuries, made contact with the Islamic world. The Vikings were renowned for sailing the world and covering large distances on both land and sea. Al-Majdus translates to “a culture of fire worshipers.” The 13th century historian Ibn Said stated, “nothing seems more important to them than fire, for the cold in their lands is severe.”. This Muslim Astronomer Calculated the Length of the Solar Year Long Before the Use of Telescopes! However, this is another proof of how huge and impressive the Abassid Caliphate must have been. The Vikings and The Islamic World Series (3 book series) Kindle Edition Historical sources tell us that a fleet of Viking ships raided the Carolingian Empire (800-888) after sailing along the coasts of Bay of Biscay in Northern Spain. “Contacts between Vikings and Arabs/Muslims were both peaceful and violent. Bloody First Contact — When Vikings Clashed with Natives in the New World by Editor • 20 February, 2013 • 15 Comments Vikings settled in North America in the 10th and 11th Centuries. ). Even though the woman in the grave was wearing traditional Scandinavian clothing, it is not possible to identify her ethnicity or religion. The inscription on the ring was also written in Kufic, which was well renowned in the 8th to 10th centuries. Reconstructed Greenland temperature based on ice core data. ( Log Out / When people typically think about interactions the vikings had with non-vikings, they think of what Christian monks wrote about the "godless" heathens and their spiky "horned hats" (vikings didn't wear horned hats). Volume 1 includes coverage of field archaeology, various approaches used in this work including the Cultural Interaction Theory and Approach (CITA), the Viking and Islamic World on the eve of contact with one another, early contact between the Vikings and the Islamic world, Muslim and Scandinavian views of one another, the Vikings and Muslim Spain, Muslim Spain’s envoys to the … Got something awesome to share with others? The Arabic or oriental artifacts found in Scandinavia are very diverse. I'm following the series " Vikings" and the whole Lothbrok saga and their curiosity for the world at that time. (CNN) —An ancient ring has shed new light on the ties between Vikings and the Islamic world, more than a century after its discovery. While the Vikings are perhaps best known for accumulating wealth by plunder, tribute, and conquest, they were also skilled and successful traders.The Vikings developed several trading centres both in Scandinavia and abroad as well as a series of long-distance trading routes during the Viking Age (c. 8th Century AD to 11th Century AD). Get the best content delivered straight into your inbox! June 26, 2019, 2:53 pm, by But the most important physical evidence of contact between the Vikings and the Islamic world is the ring found in a grave of a woman near Birka. Researchers have also claimed that the appearance of the ring in Birka shows direct contact between Viking society and the Abbasid Caliphate the once dominated much of the Middle East and North Africa. Popular, by November 1, 2017, 12:05 am, by Fadlan is famous for his meeting with a “strange race” he called the “Rusiyyah,” now commonly known as Vikings. Following the Vikings’ retreat, Al-Rahman established a navy, the first of its kind in Al-Andalus, and sent diplomats to start peace talks with the Vikings. Sorry, your blog cannot share posts by email. Vikings and Islamic People. Mvslim Ibn Khoradadbeh refers in 844 to the Vikings as Rus and describes them as merchants of slaves, fur and swords. Environment and trade Environment and Trade: Viking Age Between the eighth and eleventh centuries, Vikings not only raided, but traded far and wide. In one scene he stated that their gods are nowhere to be seen, “yet they’re praying with such passion.”, The Vikings were renowned for sailing the world and covering large distances on both land and sea. 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History has it that during the Islamic Golden Age (which is from 8 th century to 13 th century), one of the largest empires was established- Abbasid Caliphate. Change ), You are commenting using your Facebook account. Sumaya El-Zaher October 2, 2020, 2:44 pm, by Loubna Khalkhali The town is poorly off for goods and wealth… Women have the right to declare themselves divorced: they part with their husbands whenever they like.”, Other accounts, such as Al-Masudi’s Meadows of Gold, written in 943, and Al-Mukaddasi’s The Best Organization of Knowledge of the Regions, composed around 945, were briefer in their mentions of the Vikings, “but collectively they were all trailblazers in what was then the flourishing field of Islamic geography, a response to the thirst for knowledge about the vast Islamic world and the regions beyond it.”, Arab scholars of the time used the name Al-Madjus as a way to describe the Vikings as they perceived them. The Vikings and The Islamic World Series (3 Book Series) by Farhat A. Hussain. Two weeks ago, Swedish researcher Annika Larsson of Upssala University announced that she had discovered a thousand year-old Viking textile with ‘Allah’ inscribed on its hem. Ibn Fadlan’s describes the Rus as ‘perfect physical specimens, tall as date palms, blond and ruddy’. One of the earliest detailed descriptions of Northern Europe is reported by a Muslim named Ahmad Ibn Fadlan, a 9th/10th century Arab traveler and member of the diplomatic mission of the Abbasid Caliph Al-Muqtadir of Baghdad. Published on October 13, 2017. June 9, 2018, 12:31 pm, by Discovered more than a century ago in a Swedish grave, a ring bearing an Arabic inscription confirms contact between the Vikings and the Islamic world. The inscription is translated as “for/to Allah”. by '” The amnesia, he continues, “affects the minds of present and future generations and distorts their attitudes and perceptions of the role of other cultures, particularly Muslim, in building the present civilization.” It should be noted, however, that both the Vikings and Muslims had interacted with civilizations and gained knowledge from these interactions. I know that Vikings is based on some facts, but also fictional in … February 14, 2018, 5:40 pm, by Afifa Thabet July 29, 2019, 1:10 pm, by The patterns woven with silk and silver thread spell the words “Allah” and “Ali,” the BBC notes. He met the warriors around 921/922 as they travelled across the Russian steppes, sailing their longships down the Volga river and looking to trade with the Arab world. The television series transports viewers to the mysterious world of Viking farmers and warriors and their journeys throughout the world. Muslims vs Vikings “And were it not for Allāh’s repelling some men with others, the earth would certainly be in a state of disorder; but Allāh is Gracious to the creatures” The Ummah of the best of the Messengers, the imam of the messengers, most beloved of the Messengers, Muhammad (sallAllāhu ‘alayhi wasallam) is one which is raised in distinction by Allāh as the greatest Ummah. Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window), Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window), Click to share on Reddit (Opens in new window), Click to email this to a friend (Opens in new window), Click to share on Pinterest (Opens in new window), Click to share on Pocket (Opens in new window), Click to share on Tumblr (Opens in new window), Click to share on LinkedIn (Opens in new window), Click to share on Skype (Opens in new window), Click to share on Telegram (Opens in new window), Click to share on WhatsApp (Opens in new window), Viking and Muslim Interactions: The Untold Stories, were briefer in their mentions of the Vikings, http://spangenhelm.com/islamic-muslim-vikings/, Muslim Spain and Portugal: A Political History of Al-Andalus, A Tale of Two Civilisations: The Viking and the Muslim Civilisation – AWOLIA, “House of One” Unites Jews, Christians, and Muslims Under One Roof, Jesus’s Childhood Home Revealed, According to U.K. Archaeologist, People of the Book – Prophet Muhammad’s Encounters with Christians, “The Humanity of Muhammad” With Craig Considine and Jonathan Brown, Embracing Prophet Muhammad’s Teachings – A Review of “The Humanity of Muhammad: A Christian View”, The State of Christian-Muslim Relations – An Interview with Al Jazeera Balkans, Irish Catholic Professor’s Take on Prophet Muhammad, Order “The Humanity of Muhammad: A Christian View”. It is surely not the question if there was interaction between the Islamic World and the Vikings, it is just not clear if their relationship was purely for trade or if some of them converted to Islam. He also stated they are “the filthiest of all Allah’s creatures… They do not purify themselves after excreting or urinating or wash themselves when in a state of ritual impurity after coitus and do not even wash their hands after food.”, A century later, Al-Tartushi, a merchant from Cordoba, described a Danish market town. February 25, 2020, 4:25 pm, by Why Are These Viking Burial Clothes Inscribed with Arabic Script? The ring could have been war spoil or a gift. January 26, 2019, 7:32 pm Floki, one of main characters, hears the call to prayer and appears struck by Islamic worship. I absolutely enjoyed the part where the fictional characters visited Sicily and then the Islamic wold the meet an Emir , crossing the desert. The conversion of Vikings to Islam is a topic touched upon by the 16th century Muslim geographer, Amin Razi, who stated that: “… [The Vikings] highly valued pork. The Viking and Muslim interactions between the 9th and 12th centuries have been pushed to the margins of modern histories. The discovery raises new questions about the historic place of Islam in Scandinavia. Years later, under the reign of Abd ar-Rahman II (822-852), Viking ships sailed up the Guadalquivir River to attack Seville, a main city of Al-Andalus. Hafsah Dabiri The Vikings & The Islamic World book. The Vikings returned to attack the Iberian peninsula in 859. Bronze vessels, Cufic coins, costumes and costume accessories, as well as glass vessels, beads, balances and weights found mostly in Sweden are proof of contact with the Arab world. Even those who had converted to Islam aspired to it and were very fond of pork.” These Viking Muslim communities would become known for supplying cheese to Spanish cities including Cordoba and Seville. ‘Majus’ is another word for fireworshipers and in this instance the Vikings. Interaction with Vikings. “The Vikings in Spain, North Africa and the Mediterranean.” by Stefan Brink and Neil Price, In The Viking World, 465. February 19, 2020, 12:20 pm, by The ring is made of silver alloy and colored glass with an inscription in Cufic Arabic. We’ve known for a long time that the Vikings had rich interactions with the Islamic world, and this should have been just one more story in that larger saga, she said. ( Log Out / The people there adore Sirius, except for few, who are Christian. In an interview with the BBC, Larsson suggested that some of those in the Scandinavian graves were Muslim. Built by the Moors, Algeciras is an Islamic society under Muslim rule. According to Thomas S. Noonan’s book Supply-Side Sustainability, “Viking traders brought Abbasid silver coins in great quantities to Scandinavia; thousands have been found in Russia and the Baltic.” Noonan also highlights that it was a cache of dirhams (coins in Arabic) “that helped fuel the Viking Age.” He claims the dirham to be of such power that it was used as the common currency in Viking cities like York, England and Dublin, Ireland in the 10th and 12th centuries.
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