cicero letters translation
COSS., M. 5 Since writing this letter I have been told that Dolabella and his forces have arrived in Cilicia. "How about our philosophy then?" The digital Loeb Classical Library extends the founding mission of James Loeb with an interconnected, fully searchable, perpetually growing virtual library of all that is important in Greek and Latin literature. [12.13] C.Cassius, quaestor, to M.Cicero Cicero. 2 We imagined that the war was finished, but all of a sudden we have been thrown into an agony of anxiety by your friend Lepidus. For so far we hear of nothing but attempts - noble and splendid enough I grant you - but what we are waiting for is achievement; and that I am confident has either come to pass in good measure already, or will in the near future. Why, if you please, that the money is being conveyed to an enemy of the State! coss., P. [Rome, early February, 43 B.C.]. r.p.c., C. Iulius Caesar III. Cicero, With a Sketch of the Greek Philosophers Mentioned by Cicero Marcus Tullius Cicero 119 downloads Cicero: Letters to Atticus, Vol. Perseus: Letters to and from Quintus. It will be your duty to explain to me, when you arrive here safe and sound, whether the spectre of you is at my command to come up as soon as the whim has taken me to think about you - and not only about you, who always occupy my inmost heart, but suppose I begin thinking about the Isle of Britain, will the image of that wing its way to my consciousness? And not only that, but measures which he himself would not carry through were he alive, we approve, because we suppose that he contemplated them. August, with Q. Metellus Scipio. It was not unnatural, indeed, that he should feel it grievously. . Isauricus. As for the rest, with the exception of the consuls-designate, you must pardon me if I refuse to reckon them as consulars. M. TVLLI CICERONIS EPISTVLAE AD FAMILIARES ad Familiares I: ad Familiares II: ad Familiares III: ad Familiares IV; ad Familiares V B.C. We are now part of The Translation People! B.C. with the additional restriction that you offer Perseus any modifications you make. Evelyn S. Shuckburgh. Triumviri, r. p. c., I am terribly full of anxiety, and I would sooner have the old and lenient master [Caesar], than make trial of a new and cruel one. Checked Out. Pedius, mort., P. Ventidius. I fear that in his boorish way he will be inclined to reply by wiping our turned-up noses with the sword. or what does it signify whether I wished it to be done, or rejoice that it has been done? ISBN. You wise and considerate man, what do you say to this? 3 You and I, however, though our policy was identical, have found a difference in our fortunes; for while you took a line which enabled you to share his counsels, and so be able to foresee (and that is a potent alleviation of anxiety) what was going to happen, I hastened to meet Caesar in Italy (for that is what I supposed) and "to spur the willing horse," as the adage has it, when, after sparing so many of our most distinguished men, he was actually returning to the ways of peace. [2.30] However, remark the stupidity of this fellow,- I should rather say, of this brute beast. For what is the difference between a man who has advised an action, and one who has approved of it? occis. L I suppose it is the wintry weather that has so far prevented us from having any certain information about you - what you are doing, and most important of all, where you are. 3 For these reasons I beg you to look after my men, if you are aware of their amazing services to the Republic, and so to manage matters that not one of them may regret having set the call of the Republic above the love of loot and rapine. Indeed Pansa stated in the public meeting that your mother also and brother [Lucius] had objected to my making that proposal. L The shortness of your letters makes me too write shorter ones; and, to tell you the truth, I have no clear conception as to what I am to write. Will you never understand that you have to decide whether those men who performed that action are homicides or assertors of freedom? So naturally we hope to see you in Italy as soon as possible. you will say. This bar-code number lets you verify that you're getting exactly the right version or edition of a book. Coss. And had not his men broken his orders and sent me a deputation, he would have kept the gates of Apameia shut until I had stormed it. Fam.]. This was never delivered as a speech, but contains Cicero's most outspoken denunciation of the character and policies of Antonius. Farewell. 56 The letter stated that the consuls had left Capua. I should then have retained my position without any unpleasantness at all. 2 Here (I'll send you something of a letter after all) we have on our hands the death of P. Sulla senior; some say it was brigands, others indigestion. Aug. 4th. But supposing your relatives have any burdens to bear, if they are only such as you can shoulder, hurry home; it will be the most splendid and glorious thing you can do. Domitius (non inierunt.) 68 [15.15] M.Cicero to C.Cassius Magister Equitum, M. C. Iulius Caesar Octavianus, abd. Am I then called wicked by you because you suspect that I suspected something; and is he who openly displayed his dripping dagger; named by you so that you may do him honour? Antonius received a great boost to his forces at the end of May, when he was joined by M.Lepidus, the governor of Narbonese Gaul. [Naples, August 4th, 44 B.C.]. Well, yours is one of pleasure, but mine troubles me, because I am ashamed of being a slave. B.C. Cicero. "Am I to take an insult like a favour?" See to it, therefore, that you have all the courage and all the resources needed to win back the Republic in its entirety. Because I knew of it beforehand? Mind you keep your health and your affection for me. [12.11] C.Cassius, proconsul, to M.Cicero Therefore they have been brought together here, together with a section from Cicero's "Second Philippic", which refers to a previous attempt by Cassius to kill Caesar, and a few excerpts from Cicero's letters to Atticus. 3 Consequently Pansa, who follows pleasure, keeps his hold on virtue, and those also whom you call pleasure-lovers are lovers of what is good and lovers of justice, and cultivate and keep all the virtues. As a matter of fact he has been for many years entirely at my disposal, and I have liked him for his extreme kindness and the respect he shows me. 51 Coss., M. Consider rather whether this was not his reason for calling on me, that, when he had performed an action very like those which I myself had done, he called me above all men to witness that he had been an imitator of my exploits. L On the evening of the 9th of February, I got a letter from Philotimus, declaring that Domitius has a reliable force, the cohorts from Picenum under the command of Lentulus and Thermus have joined his army, Caesar can be cut off and fears the contingency, and the hopes of loyalists at Rome have been restored, and those of the other party dashed. Coss., Cn. Philippus. Iulius Caesar II., P. Servilius Vatia Domitius Calvinus, M. Valerius Messalia. I am afraid this may be a dream ; but still the news revived M'.Lepidus, L.Torquatus and C.Cassius the tribune of the plebs - for they are with me, that is at Formiae. Cicero: A Podcast: The second part is to make one of Cicero's texts accessible to contemporary readers. [12.2] Cicero to Cassius M. Aemilius Lepidus, M. Antonius, C. Iulius Caesar Yes, we certainly passed that decree as a concession to prevailing circumstances, which in politics are paramount; but certain persons are abusing our forbearance without restraint and without gratitude. "What will you do then?" The National Endowment for the Humanities provided support for entering this text. Your current position in the text is marked in blue. All the others lack either spirit or sound principle; not a few of them are jealous of the honour paid to those whom they see winning the approval of the state. The Letters of Cicero; the whole extant correspondence in chronological order, in four volumes. What shall I say of the two Serviliuses? All men, therefore, are guilty as far as this goes. 4 Just as the people of Tarsus, our treacherous allies, did, so now the inhabitants of Laodiceia, who are even more foolish, have gone out of their way to send for Dolabella; and he, by recruiting a rabble of Greek soldiers out of both those states, has worked up the semblance of an army. As for myself, if I always had somebody to trust with them, I should send you as many as three an hour. ), 43 B.C.]. We would have won a glorious victory, if Antonius, stripped and unarmed and a fugitive as he was, had not been given refuge by Lepidus. L [2.25] . In any case the forces investing him must by this time be inconsiderable, because the garrison with which Antonius holds Bononia is a strong one. In July, Brutus and Cassius put out a public statement, requesting that they should be excused from their duties as praetors, which would require them to return to Rome. "What of you, Brutus?" 3 "What then," you say, "have you to suggest?" a man whom I admired for having performed that action, rather than ever expected that he would perform it; and I admired him on this account, that he was unmindful of the personal kindnesses which he had received, but mindful of his country. Nobody has a right to impute to us an undue love of life, when nothing can befall us that will not be accompanied by universal ruin and chaos. 4 And now to return to politics; please write back and tell me what is being done in the two Spains. 2 I am glad that our friend Pansa was sped on his way by universal goodwill when he left the city in military uniform, and that not only on my own account, but also, most assuredly, on that of all our friends. March 22nd, 44 B.C.]. And even so they would cause me less inconvenience if they would only allow me some reasonable time for writing; but they come ready dressed for travelling, and tell me that their mates are waiting for them at the gate. Coss., C. I was advocating the public cause, which I have always advocated, and your political position and prestige as well. Was I the instigator whom Lucius Tillius Cimber followed? 2 But, even supposing that the eye can be struck by these spectres because they run up against it quite of their own accord, how the mind can be so struck is more than I can see. In fact I found a ship breaking up, or rather already in wreckage. But what can we do? Octavianus. Attalus' home page No plan, no reason, no system. [Rome, January, 45 B.C.]. L If you are well, that is good; I and my army are well. PDF of public domain Loeb edition in Latin and English. It would have been wrong to allow him to leave Italy before I had met him. Why were the games of Apollo celebrated with incredible honour to Marcus Brutus? 2 On the 7th of February C. Cassius the tribune came to Capua, and brought an order to the consuls to come to Rome, carry off the money from the reserve treasury and leave at once. [Formiae, February 10th, 49 B.C.]. 65 L We trust that you are well. You know what an idiot Gnaeus is; you know how he deems cruelty a virtue; you know how he thinks that we have always scoffed at him. Cassius' political and military career began in 53 B.C., when he served as quaestor under M.Crassus, who was leading an army against the Parthians. Our affairs, as I am well aware, are duly reported to you in the daily gazette, while we know nothing of yours. Vatinius. Cilicia will be my objective. [12.6] Cicero to Cassius On March 15th 44 B.C., Caesar was killed in the senate-house by a group of senators, led by Brutus and Cassius. . r. p. Dolabella is soundly trounced by men with some command of sarcasm for being in such a hurry to take your place, though you had hardly been a month in Syria; so that it was obvious to all that he had no right to be admitted into the province. I asked ; and he said he would go to Achaea. Letters to His Friends contains 426 letters from Cicero, representing his correspondence with friends and acquaintances from 62 to 43 BC. The story goes that you are in Syria, but there is nobody to vouch for it. Cornelius Lentulus Marcellinus, L Marcius Late in 46 B.C. And yet, though my wishes are stronger than my hopes, even now there is a residue of hope to be found in your valour. I say nothing of his most disgraceful flight from the city, his timorous speeches in the towns, his ignorance not only of the strength of his opponent but of his own forces : but what of this? I confess that they, if they be not deliverers of the Roman people and saviours of the republic, are worse than assassins, worse than homicides, worse even than parricides: since it is a more atrocious thing to murder the father of one's country, than one's own father. B.C. [12.10] Cicero to Cassius On the other hand the unanimity of the people of Rome and of all Italy is something wonderful. Consider again and again what you are undertaking, and what strength you have for it; and be sure you remember, not how long was Caesar's life, but how short was his reign. Meanwhile convince yourself of this, that both in the interests of the Republic which has ever been most precious to me, and in the interests of our mutual affection, I have nothing more at heart than your position in the State. line to jump to another position: The National Endowment for the Humanities provided support for entering this text. "We are condemned" is the better phrase; for that lunatic declares that I was the ringleader in that splendid achievement of yours. I promised and almost positively asserted that you had not waited for nor would wait for any decrees of ours, but would yourself defend the constitution in your own good way; and although we have not yet heard anything as to your present position, or the forces at your disposal, for all that I take my stand on the fact that all the forces and troops in your part of the world are yours, and that it is through you I am assured that the province of Asia has already been won back for the Republic. Papius Piso, M. valerius Messalla. If we have both of you, we shall think we have the Republic here too. Save for fulfilling the duty I owed to our affection, I could not help asking myself: "What reason have you for your journey here, seer?" [12.12] Cassius, proconsul, to M.Cicero Be it so. Evelyn S. Shuckburgh. Not in Library. 2 But in the matter of Fadius I will do what you ask with hearty goodwill; as for yourself, I only wish for many reasons that you had been able to meet me, in the first place so that I might see you after so long an interval - you whom I have for long past valued so highly; secondly, that I might congratulate you in person as I have done by letter; furthermore, that we might share our views about whatever matters we wished, you about your affairs, I about mine; and lastly, that our friendship which has been fostered on either side by the most notable good services, but has had its continuity broken by long periods of separation, might be more effectually strengthened. why were provinces given to Brutus and Cassius? . As for ourselves, were we urged by other considerations to wish to fan the flame of civil war, your letter would have no effect whatever; for the man who threatens has no authority among free men. For perhaps are you are incapable of understanding the dilemma that faces you. Mag. All this, however, one can put up with; what is not endurable is that a man [Philippus] can be found to think that his son will be consul in the year that belongs to you and Brutus, and for that reason makes a parade of being our brigand's very humble servant. translation, optical character recognition or other areas where access to a large amount of text is helpful, please contact us. 16. Letters to Atticus. But, I ask you, what sort of study was possible amid scenes of debauchery and drunkenness? Why is ISBN important? [7.24] Cicero to Atticus, greeting. I am sure Pompeius must be fleeing: I only hope he may escape. During the course of the civil war between Caesar and Pompeius, Cassius acted as commander of part of Pompeius' fleet. Nobody can play us false but yourself, and that is obviously foreign to your high character and integrity; but nobody else has the means of deceiving us; for it is you, and you alone, that we have trusted and shall continue to trust. So I pretend to busy myself with other things, to prevent Plato's emphatic reproach from ringing in my ears. And indeed I see no end to that sort of thing; decrees are posted up, exemptions are granted, huge sums of money are squandered, exiles are recalled, sham decrees of the Senate are registered; so that it is only that hatred we had of an abominable character and our resentment at being slaves that we have got rid of, while the constitution lies prostrate amid all this confusion into which he plunged it. Iunius Silanus, L. Licinius Murena. And yet we have lost a figure-head in the city. Is it that she obeys him dead, whom she could not brook alive? Is it that we uphold the mere handwriting of one whose laws we ought to have torn down from the walls? Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 United States License. After that, I kept quiet. [Rome, December 46 B.C.]. But there goes your importunate letter-carrier. . In view of the concerns of Brutus and Cassius, Antonius offered to appoint them to be corn commissioners, so that they could safely leave Rome. Farewell. L Believe me, Cassius, I never come to an end of thinking about you and our friend Brutus, in other words, about the whole Republic, every hope of which lies in you two, and in D.Brutus. He has pitched camp in front of the town of Laodiceia; he has pulled down part of the wall, and has linked his camp with the town.
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