area of chile
The main destinations for Chilean exports were the Americas (U.S. $39 billion), Asia (U.S. $27.8 billion) and Europe (U.S. $22.2 billion). In order of shared border length, these are: Argentina (4,158 km), Bolivia (585 km), and Peru (104 km). Dynamic and cosmopolitan Santiago is a vital and versatile city. In 1970, Salvador Allende became the first president in a non-Communist country freely elected on a Marxist program. In 1881, it signed a treaty with Argentina confirming Chilean sovereignty over the Strait of Magellan. As a result of the War of the Pacific with Peru and Bolivia (1879-83), Chile expanded its territory northward by almost one-third and acquired valuable nitrate deposits, the exploitation of which led to an era of national affluence. It has a market-oriented economy and a reputation for strong financial institutions. British courts ultimately denied his extradition, and Pinochet returned to Chile in March 2000. Chilean novelists have achieved global success. Chile's private pension system, with assets worth roughly $70 billion at the end of 2006, has been an important source of investment capital for the capital market. The Consular Section offers passport and emergency services to U.S. tourists during their stay in Chile. Chile occupies an area of 292,183 square miles. Chileans voted for elections to choose a new president and the majority of members of a two-chamber congress. In 1970, Senator Salvador Allende, a Marxist and member of Chile's Socialist Party, who headed the "Popular Unity" (UP) coalition of socialists, communists, radicals, and dissident Christian Democrats, won a plurality of votes in a three-way contest and was named President by the Chilean Congress. Chile is also relatively well-known for its music, as one of the most prominent nations during the Nueva Canción movement. Today, Chile is a republic with executive, legislative, and judicial branches. In March 2010, Sebastián Piñera was sworn in as President of Chile, immediately following three major aftershocks from the recent massive earthquake. Chile × Show Labels. The northern Chilean desert contains great mineral wealth, principally copper. She holds a Certificate of Advanced Study in Geographic Information Systems (GIS) from California State University. The country, long known to be at high risk for earthquakes, has enforced strict building codes in urban areas, which helped to limit the amount of damage in these areas. A government environmental commission approved the $3.2 billion Hidroaysén project in May 2011, prompting a country-wide protest movement. His term ended on March 11, 2006, when President Michelle Bachelet Jeria took office. In January 2010, for the first time in 50 years—since the rule of Pinochet—Chile elected a right-wing president. Friday, November 27, 2020. Critics claimed that this was an undemocratic feature of the government that made it harder for small parties to gain seats, and didn't reflect the opinions of the general public. (202) 512-1800. Chile has a bicameral Congress, which meets in the port city of Valparaiso, about 140 kilometers (84 mi.) The city was founded as Santiago del Nuevo Extremo (‘Santiago of the New Frontier’) in 1541 by the Spanish conquistador Pedro de Valdivia. The Andes Mountains are located on the eastern border. In the arts world, Chile is known for its incredible literary tradition. Air assets are distributed among five air brigades headquartered in Iquique, Antofagasta, Santiago, Puerto Montt, and Punta Arenas. It is the second most densely populated Chilean region. Situated south of Peru and west of Bolivia and Argentina, Chile fills a narrow 2,880-mi (4,506 km) strip between the Andes and the Pacific. Nearly all of the scattered tribes were related in race and language, but they lacked any … The protestors were demanding a more accessible and affordable university system as well as higher quality and equal funding for elementary and middle schools. Therefore, the area of the circle is 140.4 square inches. Wages have risen faster than inflation as a result of higher productivity, boosting national living standards. Chile hosted the Community of Democracies ministerial in April 2005. Other articles where History of Chile is discussed: Chile: History: At the time of the Spanish conquest of Chile in the mid-16th century, at least 500,000 Indians inhabited the region. But buildings and homes in poorer areas—many built with adobe—did not fare as well. Throughout the rest of the 19th and into the early 20th centuries, political and economic instability was common in Chile and from 1924–1932, the country was under the semi-dictatorial rule of General Carlos Ibanez. Chile maintains an embassy in the United States at 1732 Massachusetts Avenue, NW, Washington, DC 20036; tel: 202-785-1746, fax: 202-659-9624. Chile population is equivalent to 0.25% of the total world population. The introduction of these new products has also been accompanied by an increased use of traditional instruments such as loans and credit cards. The colony would provide substantial mineral and agricultural value, but its remoteness would make it difficult to protect from raids by local amerindian nations and by the English. Continuing political and economic instability resulted with the rule of the quasidictatorial Gen. Carlos Ibanez (1924-32). Because of its long, narrow profile and position adjacent to the Pacific Ocean and Andes Mountains, Chile has a unique topography and climate. Description Legal. This is one of the most prosperous cities in Chile and its main attraction are its historical central area, declared a Unesco World Heritage Site in 2003. SATELLITE. These officers provide information on Chilean trade and industry regulations and administer several programs intended to support U.S. companies' sales in Chile. On Aug. 5, 2010, a tunnel collapsed at the San José mine, trapping 33 miners 2,000 feet below ground. The area borders the Pacific Ocean to the west and the Andean Cordillera to the east. The Public Affairs Section cooperates with universities and non-governmental organizations (NGOs) on a variety of programs of bilateral interest. He has distanced himself from the Pinochet regime, and his cabinet is made up of a group of technocrats with no ties to Pinochet. TRAVEL AND BUSINESS INFORMATIONThe U.S. Department of State's Consular Information Program advises Americans traveling and residing abroad through Consular Information Sheets, Public Announcements, and Travel Warnings. Help. Capital: Santiago, with 6.8 million inhabitants is the country's largest metropolitan area Name: Republic of Chile; Government: Democracy, Republic; Language: Spanish; Literacy: More than 97% of the people can read and write. About 900 demonstrators were arrested. Fixed phone numbers in Chile are comprised of a single country code (+56), a 1-2 digit area code, a 2-6 digit region code, and a 30-70 digit line code. The defense of the Chile colony would prove a significant drain on Spain's finances. )Major Exports: Copper, fruit, fish products, paper and pulp, chemicals, and wine.Export Partners: China 28.6%, US 14.1%, Japan 8.6%, South Korea 6.9%, Brazil 5% (2016), Total Imports: $59.92 billion (2017 est. In 1541, a Spaniard, Pedro de Valdivia, marched into Chile founded Santiago. Travel Warnings are issued when the State Department recommends that Americans avoid travel to a certain country because the situation is dangerous or unstable. Chile's economic growth slowed to 3% for 2001, partly the result of a drop in international copper prices and the economic turmoil in neighboring Argentina. Chile earthquake of 2010, severe earthquake that occurred on February 27, 2010, off the coast of south-central Chile, causing widespread damage on land and initiating a tsunami that devastated some coastal areas of the country. Central area, Santiago and Valparaiso. She promised to continue Chile's successful economic policies while increasing social spending. This area also is the cultural and political center from which Chile expanded in the late 19th century, when it incorporated its northern and southern regions. The Chilean pesoâ€™s rapid appreciation against the U.S. dollar in recent years has helped dampen inflation. Area of B = ½b × h = ½ × 20m × 14m = 140m 2. Registration will make your presence and whereabouts known in case it is necessary to contact you in an emergency and will enable you to receive up-to-date information on security conditions. Patagonia, considered by Chileans to be a national treasure with its breathtaking glaciers and lakes, attracts thousands of tourists each year. The economy did expand greatly during the years under Pinochet, coming out of a recession caused in part by strict U.S. trade restrictions against the Allende administration. Chile is never more than 160 miles (258 km) wide at any point. These education protests have taken over several schools, forcing some to stop classes. On September 11, 1973, Allende's administration was overthrown. Home to many events showcasing the very best of Chilean culture, it also hosts superb international festivals of sound, flavor and color. In the decades following its independence, a strong presidency was developed in Chile. In Sept. 1973, Allende was overthrown and killed in a military coup covertly sponsored by the CIA, ending a 46-year era of constitutional government in Chile. Internal Government of Chile figures show that even when factoring out inflation and the recent high price of copper, bilateral trade between the U.S. and Chile has grown over 60% since then. In October 2011, student representatives attempted to negotiate with government representatives led by Felipe Bulnes, the education minister. Allende quickly established relations with Cuba and the People's Republic of China, introduced Marxist economic and social reforms, and nationalized many private companies, including U.S.-owned ones. Under the compulsory private pension system, most formal sector employees pay 10% of their salaries into privately managed funds. km) in Chile was 743,532 as of 2018. ???? In 1932, constitutional rule was restored and the Radical Party emerged and dominated Chile until 1952. Estás en. Amanda Briney, M.A., is a professional geographer. Folk music was popularized in Chile by folk music groups like Los de Ramon, Los Cuatro Huasos, Los Cuatro Cuartos, and others. Chileâ€™s total trade with China reached U.S. $8.8 billion in 2006, representing nearly 66% of the value of its trade relationship with Asia. The southern coast is a labyrinth of fjords, inlets, canals, twisting peninsulas, and islands. Authors Roberto Bolaño and José Donoso are literary darlings. Chile Area. Shortly thereafter, a movement for total independence from Spain began and several wars broke out until 1817. Chile's independent Central Bank pursues an inflation target of between 2% and 4%. There is one independent. Chile Standard Time: Apr 3, 2021: The above time zones are used during other parts of the year. High domestic savings and investment rates helped propel Chile's economy to average growth rates of 8% during the 1990s. Total area of Chile. Higher effective tariffs are charged only on imports of wheat, wheat flour, and sugar as a result of a system of import price bands. The Chilean Government implemented a further liberalization of capital markets in 2001, and there is further pending legislation proposing further liberalization. Pinochet's brutal dictatorship led to the imprisonment, torture, disappearances, execution, and expulsion of thousands of Chileans. Area Codes Search Notes. Cerro San Cristóbal is a hill in northern Santiago with a beautiful view over the city and, on a clear day, the Andes. For international dialing instructions to Chile, use our drop down boxes at the top of this page or check out our easy-to-use country code search tool. By 1967, however, Frei encountered increasing opposition from leftists, who charged that his reforms were inadequate, and from conservatives, who found them excessive. For international dialing instructions to Chile, use our drop down boxes at the top of this page or check out our easy-to-use country code search tool. )Growth Rate: 1.4% (2017 est. Although the student protestors did not get all their demands met, they did influence a huge drop in President Piñera's approval rating. One-third of Chile is covered by the towering ranges of the Andes. As a result, the top two vote-getters--center-left Concertacion coalitionâ€™s Michelle Bachelet and center-right Alianza coalitionâ€™s Sebastian Pinera--competed in a run-off election on January 15, 2006, which Michelle Bachelet won. Public Announcements are issued to disseminate information quickly about terrorist threats and other relatively short-term conditions overseas that pose significant risks to the security of American travelers. Imports totaled U.S. $35 billion, an increase of 17% compared to the previous year. As of 2006, Chile invested only 0.6% of its annual GDP in research and development (R&D). The time in Chile is now 06:13:43am Calling Chile from the United States explained: 011 - US exit code; dial first for international calls made from the USA or Canada How to dial to Chile cellular: dialing format for calls to a cell phone: 011 56 9 ???? Chile earthquake of 1960, the largest earthquake recorded in the 20th century. Massive waves caused additional damage along the coast. In the mid-1500s, the Spanish followed the same route of conquest out of Peru as had the Inca. Chile hosted the Defense Ministerial of the Americas in 2002 and the APEC summit and related meetings in 2004. The calculations are done "live": How to Calculate the Area. Chile's approach to foreign direct investment is codified in the country's Foreign Investment Law, which gives foreign investors the same treatment as Chileans. )Government Revenues: 21.6% of GDP (2017 est. Chile experiences diverse climatic conditions such as hot desert climate, Mediterranean climate, subtropical climate, and cold alpine climate. U.S. Embassy FunctionsIn addition to working closely with Chilean Government officials to strengthen our bilateral relationship, the U.S. Embassy in Santiago provides a wide range of services to U.S. citizens and businesses in Chile. About 85% of Chile's population lives in urban areas, with 40% living in greater Santiago. It is the chief port of Chile and the terminus of a trans-Andean railroad. Violence in the area began and continued until 1817 led by the famous Bernardo O'Higgins, Chile's most revered patriot along with Jose San Martín, famous for his independence struggles in Argentina. Chile - Chile - Recreation: There is ample recreational and sports opportunity in Chile; the people can engage in most such activities common to Western cultures. However, the AFP is not without its critics, who cite low participation rates (only 55% of the working population is covered), with groups such as the self-employed outside the system. The South American nation can be divided into four geographical regions stretching from its northern end to the southern end. Since the turn of the new millennium, the democratic process has been much stronger. Chile has a land mass of 756,096.3 square kilometers which equates to 291,930.4 square miles and makes it the 38th largest country in the world in terms of surface area alone. Poverty rates in the country are low and its government is committed to promoting democracy. Chile Tourism: Tripadvisor has 2,014,932 reviews of Chile Hotels, Attractions, and Restaurants making it your best Chile resource. Area of land covered by forests. In June 2005, Chile completed a nation-wide overhaul of its criminal justice system. Our editors update and regularly refine this enormous body of information to bring you reliable information. To find the area using the circumference, or the distance around the circle, use the formula area = c^2/4π, where c is the circumference. There is an Antarctic Patrol on station during summer months, in order to assist vessels that may require assistance and to combat oil spills. In response, Lagos introduced new reforms promising greater transparency. Santiago itself has hot, dry summers and mild, wet winters. Chileâ€™s overall trade profile has traditionally been dependent upon copper exports. Chile plans to continue its focus on its trade ties with Asia by negotiating in 2007 trade agreements with Thailand, Malaysia, and Australia. The epicenter, with … Chile is about twice the size of Montana. Chile is a republic. Those ships are based in Valparaiso. They will become active again after the next clock change as Daylight Saving Time begins or ends. The U.S.-Chile FTA entered into force January 1, 2004 following approval by the U.S. and Chilean congresses. Land use statistics for Chile. His program included the nationalization of private industries and banks, massive land expropriation, and collectivization. A small, yet influential number of Irish and English immigrants came to Chile during the colonial period. ), Fixed Lines: 3,375,037, 20 per 100 residents (2016 est. Chile is a country in north-south direction along the South American Andes and directly on the Pacific. Spanish is its national language and Peso (CLP) is its official currency. See more procedures at Chileatiende.cl Institutions and authorities Presidency Of The Replublic. (Please see the embassy's home page for details of these services.) Definition and Examples, Geography and History of the Island Nation of Samoa, Chile: History, Geography, Government, Culture, M.A., Geography, California State University - East Bay, B.A., English and Geography, California State University - Sacramento. Finally, you would divide 1,764 by 12.57 and get 140.4. Chile has been one of Latin Americaâs fastest-growing economies in recent decades thanks to a solid macroeconomic framework, which enabled the country to cushion the effects of a volatile international context and reduce the population living in poverty (on US$ 5.5 per day) from 30 percent in â¦ Seen as shares of Chileâ€™s export markets, 42% of exports went to the Americas, 30% to Asia and 24% to Europe. Although the Spanish did not find the extensive gold and silver they sought, they recognized the agricultural potential of Chile's central valley, and Chile became part of the Viceroyalty of Peru. Since the U.S.-Chile Free Trade Agreement went into effect on January 1, 2004, U.S.-Chilean trade has increased by 154%. The Inca are known around the world as a wealthy and expansive empire, and they projected their power and control throughout large stretches of the Andes. Situated south of Peru and west of Bolivia and Argentina, Chile fills a narrow 2,880-mi (4,506 km) strip between the Andes and the Pacific. Learn about one of the world's oldest and most popular religions. Other significant immigrant groups are Italian, Croatian, Basque, and Palestinian. miles) 84.8 % of the population is urban (16,205,574 people in 2020) Chile has a land mass of 756,096.3 square kilometers which equates to 291,930.4 square miles and makes it the 38th largest country in the world in terms of surface area alone.. Its capital is Talca. Chile has signed free trade agreements (FTAs) with a whole network of countries, including an FTA with the United States, which was signed in 2003 and implemented in January 2004. Chile also claims sovereignty over 482,628 sq mi (1,250,000 sq km) of Antarctic territory; the Juan Fernández Islands, about 400 mi (644 km) west of the mainland; and Easter Island, about 2,000 mi (3,219 km) west. Chile has a strong cultural heritage from its indigenous peoples, especially the Mapuche, Patagonians, and the Rapa Nui. Due to its extremes in topography and climate, the most developed area of Chile is the valley near Santiago, which is where the majority of the country's manufacturing industry is located. In 2004, Chile passed a law permitting divorce for the first time. Harvesting area of wheat in Chile is expected to reach more than 237,000 hectares by 2028. NavyAdmiral Rodolfo Codina directs the 23,000-person Navy, including 2,500 Marines. Besides those U.S. citizens resident in Chile, about 170,000 U.S. citizens visit Chile annually. Chile Standard Time: Apr 3, 2021: The above time zones are used during other parts of the year. How big is Chile in square km? It is also one of the largest cities in the Americas. It has been relatively free of the coups and arbitrary governments that have blighted the continent. The Chilean Army is one of the most professional and technologically advanced armies in Latin America. A military coup overthrew Allende on September 11, 1973. The land has a total area of 756,700 km² and a total coastline of 6,435 km. The country encompasses a wide range of biomes, but by and large the country proved fruitful for growing populations. In the north is the driest place on Earth, the Atacama Desert, and in the center is a 700-mile-long (1,127 km) thickly populated valley with most of Chile's arable land. The country has about 5,000 partially uninhabited islands. Combined with this is its institutional structure allowing local companies to produce and market pharmaceutical generics that violate existing patents. During the period of Radical Party dominance (1932-52), the state increased its role in the economy. These include eliminating the positions of appointed senators and senators for life, granting the President authority to remove the commanders-in-chief of the armed forces, and reducing the presidential term from six to four years. 6.2-magnitude quake hits offshore area of Chile ... SANTIAGO, Nov. 21 (Xinhua) -- An earthquake with a magnitude of 6.2 jolted 98 km northwest of Constitucion, Chile, at 21:54 on Saturday (0054 GMT on Sunday), according to the University of Chile's Seismological Service. The Cueca is the national dance of Chile that was primarily promoted during the Pinochet regime in the 1970’s and 80’s to promote Chilean nationalism and cultural pride. One-third of Chile is covered by the towering ranges of the Andes. One protest in early June involved 30,000 demonstrators marching to the presidential palace, with some protestors throwing stones and pieces of wood at police vehicles. Registration is simple and transparent, and foreign investors are guaranteed access to the official foreign exchange market to repatriate their profits and capital. Bulnes was replaced by Harald Beyer as education minister two months later. Chile - Land area Land area (sq. In its later years, the regime gradually permitted greater freedom of assembly, speech, and association, to include trade union activity. Chile is strongly committed to free trade and has welcomed large amounts of foreign investment. We found 7 answers for the crossword clue Metropolitan area of Chile. The Chilean country code and Chile area code chart below gives you the necessary information for calling Chilean cities.
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